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意大利语简介

意大利语在以下国家使用:
阿根廷, 巴西, 法国, 加拿大, 美国, 摩纳哥(公国), 瑞士, 梵蒂冈, 圣马力诺, 斯洛文尼亚, 索马里, 意大利.

意大利语(Italiano)隶属于印欧语系(Language Family: Indo-European)的罗曼语族(Subgroup: Romance)。现在有约7千万人日常用意大利语,大多数是意大利居民。29个其它国家居民使用意大利语,其中5个国家立它为官方语言。正规意大利语是托斯卡纳的方言,发音在于意大利南半部方言之间。正规版近来稍微加进了一些经济中心米兰的口音。

bob外围官网app意大利语和拉丁语一样,有长辅音。其他的拉丁语族的语言,如西班牙语和法语,已经没有长辅音了。

意大利语英中对照简要说明

bob外围官网appItalian is considered by many to be the most beautiful of the world's languages. As the transmitter of the great culture of the Renaissance, its influence on the other languages of Western Europe has been profound. Besides being spoken in Italy, it is one of the four official languages of Switzerland, and is also widely spoken in the United States, Canada, Argentina, and Brazil. All told there are about 60 million speakers of Italian.

许多人认为意大利语是世界上最美的语言。作为伟大的文艺复兴文化的媒介,意大利语曾对西欧其它语言起过深刻的影响。意大利语除了通行于意大利之外,还是瑞士四种官方语言之一,它还广泛通行于美国、加拿大、阿根廷和巴西。操意大利语的人数总共约六千万人。

bob外围官网appItalian is one of the Romance languages, and has remained closer to the original Latin than any of the others. its dialects, however, vary tremendously, often to the point where communication becomes a problem. The literary standard came into being in the 14th century, largely through Dante's Divine Comedy and the works of Petrarch and Boccaccio. Since these eminent authors chiefly used the dialect of Tuscany (especially Florentine), modern literary Italian is essentially Tuscan. Since 1870 the dialect of Rome has gained considerable prestige but it has still failed to eclipse the Florentine standard.

意大利语是一种罗曼语。它比任何其它罗曼语都更接近于原来的拉丁语。然而,它的各种方言之间的差别很大,以至交际都成问题。意大利的标准书面语基本上是通过但丁的《神曲》和皮特拉克以及薄迦丘的作品,在十四世纪才得以形成的。由于这些杰出的作家主要是使用图斯坎尼(特别是弗罗伦萨)方言,所以现代意大利语本质上是图斯坎尼方言。从1870年以来,罗马方言已经取得了相当的地位,但仍然比不上弗罗伦萨标准语的声誉。

bob外围官网appThe Italian alphabet consists basically of 21 letters— j, k, w, x, and y appear only in foreign words. The letter c is pronounced k before a, o, and u, but ch before e and i (e.g., carcere—prison). Ch and cch are also pronounced k (chiave—key, bicchiere—glass). G is pronounced as a hard g before a, o, and u (gamba—leg), but as j before e and i (giorno—day). Gg before e and i is also pronounced j (oggi—today), gh before e and i is a hard g (lunghezza—length), gli followed by a vowel is pronounced lli as in "million" (biglietto—ticket), gn like the ny in "canyon" (ogni—every), and gu followed by a vowel as gw (guerra—war). Z and zz are generally pronounced ts (zio—uncle, prezzo—price), but sometimes as dz (pranzo—dinner, mezzo—middle). Sc before e and i is pronounced sh (pesce—fish).

bob外围官网app 意大利语字母表基本上由二十一个字母组成——j,k,w,x和y只在外来词中出现。字母c在a、o和u前发k音,但在e和i 前发ch音(例如:carcere—监牢)。ch和cch也发k音(chiave—钥匙;bicchiere—玻璃)。g在a,o和u前发硬g音(gamba—腿),但在e和i前发j音(giorno—白天)。gg在e和i前也发j音(oggi—今天),gh在e和i前发硬g音(lunghezza—长度),gli后面跟着一个元音时,发“million”中的lli音(biglietto—票),gn发“canyon”中的ny音(ogni—每一个),gu后跟一个元音时,发gw音(guerra—战争)。z和zz一般发ts音(zio—伯叔),prezzo—价格),但有时发dz音(pranzo—正餐,mezzo—中间)。Sc在e和i前发sh音(pesce-鱼)。

The stress in Italian generally falls on the next to last or third from last syllable. The only written accent is the grave, which is used when-ever a word of more than one syllable stresses the final vowel (città—city). It is also used on words of a single syllable to distinguish between two words that would otherwise have the same spelling, as for example e, meaning "and," but è, meaning "is." And it also appears in a few miscellaneous words such as più (more) and già (already).

意大利语的重音一般落在倒数第二个或第三个音节上。唯一的标音符号是“、”,这个符号在两个音节以上的词的重音落在最后的元音上时使用(città;—城市),它也用来区分两个拼写法相同的单音节的词,例如:e,意思是“和”,但是è;是“是”的意思。它也用来标各方面的词,例如più;(更多的)和già;(已经)。

bob外围官网appEnglish words of Italian origin include umbrella, spaghetti, macaroni, broccoli, balcony, studio, casino, fresco, gusto, volcano, lava, stucco, gondola, regatta, malaria, bandit, incognito, vendetta, and inferno. In the field of music there are piano, viola, opera, sonata, concerto, oratorio, soprano, aria, solo, trio, quartet, allegro, andante, tempo, libretto, staccato, crescendo, maestro, and virtuoso.

英语中,源于意大利语的词有:umbrella(伞),spaghetti(细条实心面),macaroni(空心面),broccoli(花茎甘蓝),balcony(阳台),volcano(火山),studio(工作室),casino(娱乐场),fresco(壁画),gusto(爱好),lava(熔岩),stucco(拉毛水泥),goudola(狭长的平底船),regatta(划船比赛),malaria(疟疾),bandit(匪帮),incognito(隐藏姓名身份),vendetta(族间血仇),inferno(地狱)。音乐方面的有:piano(钢琴),viola(中提琴),opera(歌剧),sonata(奏鸣曲),concerto(协奏曲),oratorio(清唱剧),soprano(女高音),aria(咏叹调),solo(独唱),trio(三重唱),quartet(四重唱),allegro(快板),andante(行板),tempo(速度),libretto(歌词),staccato(断奏),crescendo(渐强),maestro(庄严地)和virtuoso(演奏能手)。
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意大利语为外来词语所累

bob外围官网app   意大利人一直为自己特有的灿烂文化、文艺复兴时期艺术大师的不朽作品而自豪。然而随着大批摩肩接踵的外国游客前来观赏、游览,意大利人发现自己的母语———意大利语已逐渐被大量的外来词语渗透,特别是遭到英语的大举“入侵”。

据意大利《共和国报》最近报道,在新近再版的意大利语权威词典———“DEVOTO—OLI”中,新增加了4000多条英语字词或词组,约占整部词典条目的4%,如形容郊游的“远足”以及“酒吧”、“胶卷”、“巨型炸弹”等都有英语表达,从而引起意大利参众两院议员和国内知名学者的广泛关注。议员和学者们纷纷抱怨说,不努力寻找意大利语中恰当、对应广州 020-86266990 手机15711834984 电子邮件:chi@en-ch.com
北京翻译电话:400 888 0389 上海翻译电话:400 888 0389语对意大利语的大举“入侵”,意大利不少学者呼吁立即停止这种语言混用的现象。据《共和国报》报道,一位意大利议员目前正在起草一项议案,要求禁止在官方文件或声明中使用外来词语,并且对违规者处以100万里拉(500美元)的罚款。意大利议会平等机会委员会也计划于最近召开会议,讨论外来语的“入侵”问题。

bob外围官网app 不过,自1997年以来,意大利议会曾两次试图阻止英语词语混入意大利语,但收效甚微。由此看来,在经济全球化大潮的影响下,意大利人曾为之骄傲的本国语言也不得不直面外来词语的挑战。

  摘自《解放日报》



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意大利语翻译笔译价格 意大利语口语翻译价格 意大利语口译价格

 
 
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